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All Parts of This Plant are Beneficial for Health

The fruit of this plant, young immature fruits eaten cooked or fried, usually processed like a vegetable, but in fact all parts from the roots, leaves and fruit to seeds have health benefits. 

This plant has a Latin name Abelmoschus esculentus, but has different names in many countries. 


In English it call common Okra, edible hibiscus, gobbo, gombo, gumbo, lady’s finger, okra, okro. In Japan: okura, in South and Central America: ochro, okra, quiabo,quilombo, quimbombó. 

In China: huang shu kuei.

Malay name: kachang bendi, in the Philippine Isl.: okra.

In Cameroon: ankoul, in Congo: ngaingai, umvumba, in Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso: gombo, in Madagascar: mana, in Malawi: cilunguthando, nathando, thelele la amwenye, thelele lobzala (Nyanja). In Nigeria: erula, ila, ilasa, ilasado, illa, iroko, irula. In Rhodesia: mandande, in Senegal: da guo, kanda, kanda a kob, kanda ala, kandalan, kunégo, sumaré. In Sierra Leone: a lontho, bonde, bondei, okro. In Tanzania: mbamia, mbinda. In Togo: gombo

Okra usually grows in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions, uncertain origin.

Here are the main health benefits of Okra:

1.  Roots

Roots extract use as aphrodisiac and sex tonic, sedative, given for stomatitis, spermatorrhea, sterility, impotence, dystocia.

Roots powder taken orally to check discharge of sperm with urine and to increase sexual potentiality;

Roots infusion or decoction, for cough and syphilis treatment.

Roots Juice use for treat cuts, wounds and boil.

In some countries like Nicoragua and Turkey roots infusion used as stomachic, to treat diabetes, ulcer, used as laxative and treatment of jaundice.

2. Leaves 

Extract of leaves, in Indian ethnomedicine, Okra's leaves mixed with egg albumin and applied on hair which makes black and silky hair.

Leaves is use for tumour remedies.

Fresh washed leaves in cataplasm for infected wounds; leaves emollient, sudorific or antiscorbutic and to treat dysuria. 

Leaves can use for cough and for insect sting. 


3.  Flower 

In Turkey Okra's Flower user for Diabetes Mellitus therapy

4.  Fruits

In Indian ethno medicine Okra's infusion Fruit mucilage is use for:

- For treating dysentery and diarrhoea in acute inflammation and irritation of the stomach, bowels, and kidneys catarrhal infections, ardour urinae, dysuria, diuretic, plasma replacement and gonorrhoea

- Antipyretic and plasma replacement

Combination of extract of leaves and fruits is use for demulcent.

A decoction of the immature fruit can be used for demulcent and emollient poultice.

5.  Seed

In Indian ethnomedicine seed is use as Antispasmodic, cordial, stimulant, and treatment of spermatorrhoea. Infusion roasted seeds has sudorific properties.

in Latin America seeds infusion of roasted okra is used  for remedies of tumour.


Reference list:

- Umberto Quattrocchi, F.L.S. (2012). 'Abelmoschus Medik. Malvaceae', in Umberto Quattrocchi, F.L.S . CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology. Boca Raton: CRC Press, pp. 1-2

- Soma Das, Dr. Gouranga Nandi, Prof. (Dr.) L. K. Ghosh, 2019, 'Okra  and its various applications in Drug Delivery, Food Technology , Health Care and Pharmacological Aspects -A Review', Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, Vol.11, no.6, pp. 2139-2147